Garden angelica is a biennial or short lived perennial plant that comes from the Apiaceae family, or celery, carrot or parsley family. The botanical name for the plant is Angelica Archangelica. The other names for the plant include: European angelica, wild parsnip, holy ghost, wild celery.
Angelica grows wild in northern countries of Europe, North Asia in cold moist areas. It can grow up to 180 cm with thick fleshy root and green leaves consisting of three parts. The flowers are yellow with a hint of green.
All parts of the plant of wild angelica are used in culinary and herbal medicine. The stems and seeds of the plant are used in confectionery and flavoring the liqueurs. The dried leaves and roots are applied for many medical aids. The whole plant is collected in June for medical use and dried in cool places.
The components in angelica such as volatile oil, valeric acid, angelic acid, sugar, essential oils and other ingredients beneficial for health.
A volatile oil is found in all parts of the plant. The root contains phellandrene, terpenes, coumarin and coumarin, bitter substances, sucrose, saccharine. The seeds are rich in fatty oils and the leaves contain tannin and some bitter substances.
Angelica is an important medicinal plant because all of its parts possess carminative, stimulant, diaphoretic, stomachic, tonic and expectorant properties. It is considered a good remedy for common colds, coughs, colic, rheumatism, urinary system diseases. It is not recommended for patients with diabetes because of sugars content in the plant.
A well known medicinal herb in Europe and Asia angelica is effective treatment for diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, many digestive system problems. Angelica stimulates appetite, improves digestion, soothes colic and reduces gas production.
The bactericidal effect of the plant on the gastrointestinal tract can help get rid of bacteria and stop the growth of harmful bacteria in the stomach. Angelic can improve digestion because it increases the production of stomach acid and prevents stomach discomfort and bloating.
The plant parts are useful for blood circulation problems. It dilates the arteries and enhances the flow of the blood in the whole body.
The plant is recommended as a herbal remedy for asthma, dry coughs, bronchitis and other illnesses of respiratory system.
Angelica shows high anti-cancer profile and is prescribed for cancer prevention and treatment. The preventative effects of the plant on cells which develop into cancer demonstrate the potential of the plant to stop the tumor and its spread in the body.
Anti-inflammatory properties allow using the plant for the treatment of many diseases associated with inflammation including atherosclerosis, infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fever, allergies.
The plant used in teas is recommended for use one- three times a day. Before application of the herbal teas it is needed to consult a doctor.
Angelica should not be used by pregnant women or nursing women.